1 “U.S. Exports of Biological Materials to Iraq,” Chapter 1, Report of the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs, Senator Donald W. Riegle Jr., chairman, May 25, 1994.

2 Franklin Foer, “The Biological and Chemical Weapons in Iraq’s Arsenal,” Biological and Chemical Weapons, (San Diego: Greenhaven Press Inc., 2001), page 98.

3 Thomas G. Whittle, “Lives in the Balance — Gulf War Illness: Who Is Covering It Up and Why,” Freedom, Volume 29, Issue 1.

4 As recounted in a lecture by Captain Joyce Riley, January 15, 1996.

5 “Plan for Future Ongoing Monitoring and Verification of Iraq’s Compliance with Relevant Parts of Section C of Security Council Resolution 687 (1991),” March 17, 1995. (“Leishmania spp [species]” are listed under “Other Animal Pathogens” in the plan’s appendix.)

6 Kris Mullen, “UT Southwestern Team Traces Gulf War Illnesses to Chemicals: Three Primary Syndromes Identified,” University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, January 8, 1997.

7 Mindy Baxter, “Gulf War Syndrome Dizziness Linked to Nerve Gas,” University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, April 13, 2000.

8 “America’s Wars Fact Sheet,” Department of Veterans Affairs, May 2001.

9 Phil Hirschkorn and Richard Roth, “Gulf War Veterans Suing Companies for Chemical Exports,” CNN New York Bureau, January 17, 2003.

10 Colin Brown, “Lymphatic Cancer Twice as Likely for Gulf Veterans,” The National Gulf War Resource Center Inc., posted August 5, 2002.

11 Lynn Cochrane, “Gulf War Scarred My Children,” Sunday Times (London), November 26, 2000.

12 Matthew Hay Brown, “After Desert Storm: Cancer in the Garden of Eden,” The Hartford Courant, October 23, 2000.

13 In testimony before the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs on May 25, 1994, Theodore Prociv, Ph.D., then deputy secretary of the Army for chemical demilitarization, said, “We had 14,000 alarms out there,” each of which went off “perhaps two to three [times] a day.” Reports have documented alarms on at least 13 days.

14 Testimony of Major Lisa Porter, Presidential Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veterans’ Illnesses, March 18, 1997, Philip Landrigan, presiding.

15 E-mail from Dr. Garth Nicolson to Freedom, January 19, 2003.

16 E-mail from Dr. Katherine Murray Leisure to Freedom, March 12, 2003.

17 “Biowarfare Testing Threatens East Coast,” Freedom, Issue 55; H. Josef Hebert, “Documents Say Army Considered Breeding Mosquitoes Against Soviets,” Associated Press, October 28, 1980.

18 “Saddam’s Secrets,” BBC Radio, February 19, 1998.

19 “U.S. Demolition Operations at Khamisiyah, Final Report,” Defense Department, April 16, 2002, and “Modeling and Risk Characterization of U.S. Demolition Operations at the Khamisiyah Pit,” Defense Department, April 16, 2002.

20 Patrick G. Eddington, Gassed in the Gulf, (Washington, D.C.: Insignia Publishing Company, 1997), page 260.

21 Matt Crenson, “Gulf War Illness Pinned on Stress,” Associated Press, May 12, 2002.

22 U.S. Representative Christopher Shays, opening statement, House Government Reform and Oversight Committee’s Human Resources and Intergovernmental Affairs Subcommittee meeting on Persian Gulf War Syndrome, October 29, 1997, as reported by Federal Document Clearing House Inc.